The 1990s

WESS was started as the "FTX Cycle" by then Captain (now Lt Col and CAP Director of Operations) John Desmarais in 1997 while serving as the ES Plans Officer, HQ CAP. In that capacity, he helped develop a national strategy for member operational specialty qualifications, known as the Emergency Services Curriculum Project (ESCP). At the same time, Captain Desmarais created the NGSAR program at the Miller School in Virginia as a National Special Activity for cadet and senior members.

Test squadrons were identified all over the country to test the curriculum the ESCP working group developed; the Maxwell Composite Squadron (AL-032) was a very active test unit because of its proximity to the national headquarters. Captain Desmarais and (then) Lt. Michael Long (AL-032 ES Officer, now Lt Col and Activity Director), developed the WESS as an activity that would serve NHQ's need for a test site and provide the wing with a valuable resource at the same time. Capt. Desmarais was the first WESS Director and Lt. Long served as the Operations Officer.

The WESS was originally designed to supplement the unit's traditional Emergency Services training and to allow Captain Desmarais to test programmatic changes that would be used at NGSAR the following year. Over the years, the WESS has changed significantly. Originally, the program focused on only training ground team members and supplemented the wing exercise schedule. Members would be expected to come out to several training weekends starting with a December "Winter FTX” to get the varied topics covered over several months. This grew and changed over the years to better fit into the schedules for the wing personnel, and to allow for more options for personnel to "catch up” on training they may have missed. Formal training exercises were eventually integrated into the program so that members could qualify for their ground team specialties by completing the program without having to go anywhere else.

The New Millennium 
In 2000, then Captain Joe Curry (Iowa Wing, now Lt Col and Operations Officer 2002-2012) became the NGSAR commandant and it was there he met (then) Captain Long. That year, the WESS was opened to the entire Alabama Wing. The following year, Captain Long would be elevated to Lead Training Advisor at NGSAR, working with then Major Curry. Curry and Long would continue in those roles at NESA until 2002, the year Captain Long took over as the WESS Director as then Major Desmarais continued to advance at CAP HQ. 

2001-2002 71 members from 6 squadrons in Alabama participated; 21 participants graduated, a rate of 29.6.
In 2002, immediately prior to NGSAR, Major Curry accepted a job at CAP HQ. It would be his last year as a Commandant but upon moving to Alabama he joined AL-032, and was introduced to the WESS. In a role reversal, Major Curry became the WESS Operations Officer and Captain Long became the NGSAR Commandant for the 2003 and 2004 schools.
2002-2003 Part of the cycle was lost due to logistical and funding challenges but the program has grown each year since then.
2003-2004 32 members from 7 squadrons in Alabama participated; 9 participants graduated, a rate of 28.1.

2005-2006 Advanced and Team Leader schools were added for the academic year beginning October 2005.
38 members from 8 units in Alabama participated in this cycle. 


2006-2007 the program incorporated scenario-based training to provide more realistic real-time training. 

2007-2008, then Major Long and Lt (now Major) Gary Ernest developed an automated system for task tracking and tested this PDA-based capability during the cycle before moving it to NGSAR where Major Long is once again the Commandant.  Additionally, the FTX cycle was run more along ICS lines and work done by members was tied to an operational specialty. This was primarily a benefit to staff members who had not been advancing their skills while they helped to make the WESS successful. 86 members from 12 units in 2 wings participated; 54 graduated, a rate of 63.9.

2008-2009 was special for a number of reasons. We partnered with Air Force Officer Training School (OTS) and relocated from CAP facilities to Gilbert Hall and the OTS campus. The expanded facilities saw record participation and featured basic first aid for the first time; a support staff; ICS training; and the introduction of the "Alpha Lead”, "Bravo Lead”, and "Tango Lead” that have been used at NESA the past several years. Those staff members directed their individual schools rather than moving as a single activity and we also expanded to a second member-owned property.
93 members from 17 squadrons in 5 wings participated in the cycle; 2,384 tasks were completed accident-free; 61 participants graduated, a rate of 65.6.

2009-2010 featured "mirror training” to allow concurrent training at both of our training areas. Participation for this year exceeded even the record-breaking numbers for the 2008-2009 programs but was not without several staff and logistical challenges.
114 members from 17 squadrons in 4 wings participated in the cycle; 2,643 tasks were completed accident-free; 57 participants graduated, a rate of 50.0.
2010-2011 For this cycle, OTS allowed WESS to move to the Vigilant Warrior Expeditionary Training Site in Wetumpka Alabama.  There, all of our training needs could be met in one place.  This was an exciting development but it was also the first time in our history that we did not use member-owned training areas in Tallassee. 118 members from 22 squadrons in 6 wings participated; 3,421 tasks were completed accident-free; 76 participants graduated, a rate of 64.4. 
2011-2012 This cycle was held entirely at Vigilant Warrior and set new records for participation both in and out of Alabama Wing.  WESS also partnered with a new air ambulance service, Life Team 64!  This was also to be Lt Col Curry's last WESS cycle as he separated from CAP headquarters to pursue a career in emergency medicine and improve on his running.
2012-2013 cycle again saw record participation, due to the addition of the first Mission Aircrew School and a Wilderness Advanced First Aid (WAFA) Course.  The MAS school, consisting of a Scanner and Mission Observer/Pilot track, was the first comprehensive task-based aircrew training program in Alabama. The WAFA school followed the National Emergency Services Academy by using the Emergency Care and Safety Institute WAFA course.
2013-2014 The Mission Aircrew School expanded to include Aerial Photography.
2014-2015 WESS welcomed key staff members from outside Alabama Wing for the first time, specifically Lt Col Tom Berg of Georgia Wing who had previously been the director of their ES training called Frostbite, and Capt Grace Carnes of North Carolina Wing who has stepped up to lead the WAFA program.
2015-2016 WESS expanded again with the introduction of the Mission Management School. This was also the first year of a partnership with the Boy Scouts of America, who graciously allowed us to use Camp Tukabatchee in Prattville.


2016-2017 was a celebration of WESS' 20th academic and operational year. The program continues to thrive and is once again based at Blue Thunder on Maxwell Air Force Base. We are monitoring the progress of the renovations taking place at Vigilant Warrior and hope to relocate there for future WESS cycles.
2017-108 WESS relocated to the newly renovated Vigilant Warrior.
214 total participants, representing 6 Wings, 40 unique units, as well as NHQ.
4,504 tasks were completed, 246 Ground sorties and 101 Air sorties, representing 22750 training hours accident-free.
128 new ratings for 139 graduates; a success rate of 64.95. 
Safety streak is now 4 years, representing 740 total sorties and 76700 training hours without a mishap.

While the WESS has become a valuable and rewarding activity, its primary function has always been and will remain, to train and qualify CAP members in operational specialties based on the national standard. The purpose of the national standard is to assure our customers that CAP can meet mission requirements anywhere in the country with a trained volunteer force that have a common standard for mission performance. With an increased homeland security posture and disaster operations caused by increased weather events in the southeast, the Alabama Wing is committed to training as many members as possible to provide mutual aid and community support in times of need.


Our Classrooms:        


The layout:                 

Our Barracks:           


  • Restrooms are nice and are equipped with showers.
  • Part of responding to a mission is to be able to provide for your own needs for 72 hours until a support structure is organized. We will practice that. There is no dining facility. 
  • It is a NO smoking (or vape) facility. The closest smoking point is a walk of about 200 yards.
  • Each barrack building holds 18 bunks, each with springs, and a nice mattress. You will need to provide sheets, pillows and blankets, or a sleeping bag. Each has a power outlet within 10 feet. A short extension cord may be handy if you need power at the bedside.
  • The facility is very flat but is all gravel. Comfortable shoes for walking on a gravel road would be advisable.
  • Cell service is reasonable for most providers.
1. Do I have to attend every weekend?
No, but you are responsible for 100% of the tasks in your course if you want to be rated. Each weekend has assigned tasks and the last weekend of the cycle is specifically for students to make up tasks that they missed but there will not be as much time for instruction.

2. What do I need to bring?
Each course page has a tab for Equipment List, including a printable list. You are required to bring nothing other than what is required on the SQTR.

3. Will I be fully qualified if I graduate?
GSAR and Aircrew students can be fully qualified in a specialty if they have completed the requirements for their course AND have completed their FEMA IS training. MMS, WAFA, MC, and Mini-Courses do not have ratings tied to their curriculums.
4. What is the WESS curriculum?
As outlined by the National Emergency Services Curriculum Project, the WESS follows what is known as a 'task-based' training program. 
This section provides a general idea of what this program means for each student.

Curriculum Materials


Ground and UDF Team 
 WESS' GSAR Course
 uses the Ground and
 Urban Direction Finding Team
 Task Manual


Flight Guide 
 Aircrew uses the
 Mission Aircrew Reference Text


Wilderness Advance First Aid 
 Wilderness Advanced First Aid
 uses a commercial text

Task guides are textbook of sorts, containing nearly all of the information an individual needs to acquire to become rated in particular ES ratings.